Top important rules error detection rules for finding errors easily in english-part1

Top important rules error detection rules for finding errors easily in english-part1
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
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1. If two Singular Nouns refer to the same person or thing, the Verb should be in Singular.
For example,
Incorrect- The Chief-minister and Home-minister are coming.
Correct- The Chief-minister and Home-minister is coming.
(Here the same person is Chief-minister as well as Home-minister)
2. Two or more Singular Subjects joined by and then Verb should be in Plural.
For example,
Incorrect- Ram and Shyam is here. 
Correct- Ram and Shyam are here.

3. If the Singular Subjects are preceded by a word as each or every, the Verb should be in Singular.
For example,
Incorrect- Every men and woman were ready.
Correct- Every men and woman was ready.
4. When the two Subjects joined by ‘or/nor are of different numbers, the Verb should be Plural, and the Plural Subject must be placed next to the Verb.
For example,
incorrect- Neither the lecturers nor the principal was present.
Correct- Neither the principal nor the lecturers were present. ‘
5. Two or more Singular Subjects joined by or, nor, either….. Or, neither…. nor take a Verb in the Singular form.
For example,
Incorrect- Neither he nor I were there.
Correct- Neither he nor I was there.
6. When the two Subjects joined by or, nor are of different persons, the Verb agrees in person with the one nearest to it.
For example,
Incorrect- Either he or I is mistaken.
Correct- Either he or I, am mistaken.
7. When the Subject of the Verb is a Relative Pronoun care should be taken to see that the Verb should agrees in Number and Person with the Antecedent of the relative.
For example,
Incorrect- I, who is your friend, will guard your interests.
Correct- I, who am your friend, will guard your interests.
8. A Collective Noun should take a Singular Verb when the collection is thought of as a whole, takes a Plural Verb when the individuals of which it is composed are thought of.
For example,
Correct- The Council has chosen the President.
Correct- The military were called out.

9. Words joined to a Singular Subject by with, together with, in addition to, or, as well as, etc. are parenthetical, and therefore do not affect the number of the Verb.
For example,
Incorrect- The Chief, with all his men, were massacred .
• Correct-The chief, with all his men, was massacred.

10. Some Nouns which are singular in form but plural in meaning, should take Plural Verb.

For example,
Incorrect- Mathematics are a branch of study in every school.
Correct- Mathematics is a branch of study in every school.
Continued in part2
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